Sector Aviation

Investigation crash MH17, 17 July 2014 Donetsk


The Dutch Safety Board is investigating the accident to flight MH17 which occurred at Thursday 17th of July 2014 in the region of Donetsk (Ukraine). The Dutch Safety Board will be doing all it can to provide a clear view of the cause of the accident.

The investigation is operated in accordance with the standards and recommanded practices in  ICAO Annex 13. The state of of occurance (Ukraine) has delegated the investigation to the Dutch Safety Board. To this end agreements were set out in a Memorandum of Understanding between Ukraine and The Netherlands, and in an agreement between the Ukrainian National Bureau of Incidents and Accidents Investigation of Civil Aircraft (NBAAII) and the Dutch Safety Board. The Dutch Safety Board is leading the investigation and co-ordinating the international team of investigators.

In addition to the international accident investigation, the Dutch Safety Board is also conducting two other independent investigations: an investigation into the decision-making process with regard to flight routes and an investigation into the availability of passenger lists.

September 9, 2014
The Dutch Safety Board has issued the preliminary report on the investigation into the crash of MH17 on Tuesday September 9, 2014. The preliminary report presents factual information based on the sources available to the Dutch Safety Board.

In the months to come further investigation is needed before the final report can be written. The Dutch Safety Board  expects to publish the final report within a year after the crash.

Click here (YouTube) to watch the explanation of the premliminary report by Chairman Tjibbe Joustra.

December 9, 2014
Recovery of the wreckage of flight MH17, commissioned by the Dutch Safety Board, began at the crash site on Sunday, November 16, 2014. The recovery was preceded by a long period of preparations. To enable the recovery of wreckage, the Dutch Safety Board agreed certain arrangements with the Ministry of Disaster Management with regard to handing over the wreckage and SES (the Ukraine State Emergency Service) assistance. These documents have now been published. The first document concerns the recovery of the wreckage. The second concerns the period subsequent to the recovery.

On December 9, 2014, two of the four convoys carrying wreckage have arrived at Gilze-Rijen air force base. The transport will be unloaded in accordance with a fixed procedure and will then be photographed, scanned and categorised. The investigation of the wreckage and preparation for the reconstruction effort will then commence.

October 13, 2015
On October 13 the final reports of the investigation into the crash of flight MH17 were published. In addition to the reports there is also a video about the investigation into the causes of the crash of flight MH17 on 17 July 2014 in the eastern part of Ukraine and the  investigation into flying over conflict zones. The video was based on the investigation reports. You can find our YouTube-channel here.

February 25 2016
On 4 and 10 February 2016 Dutch Parliament has asked questions to the Dutch Safety Board. These questions relate to the investigations of the Board into the crash of flight MH17. The Dutch Safety Board has responded to these questions and also issued its response to a letter of the Russian Federation. You can find both responses below (questions are in Dutch).

- Response to questions Dutch Parliament
- Response to letter Russian Federation
- Appendix letter to Russian Federation


  • Start date 18 jul. 2014
  • End date 13 okt. 2015
  • Type investigationFull
  • Status investigationClosed


  • The Dutch Government has taken various actions as a result of the three recommendations in the MH17 Passenger information report to ensure that passenger information is made available more quickly and that next of kin are better informed. The Dutch Safety Board is positive about the efforts and proposals, however, it still has to be proven whether these will actually lead to specific improvements in practice. The Dutch Safety Board is of the opinion that the recommendations are being adequately followed up.

    The final MH17 Passenger information report revealed that the Dutch victims' next of kin had to needlessly wait for a long time for official confirmation from the government about the fate of their relatives. The information gathered by different organisations about the victims and their next of kin was not combined, resulting in it taking too long before a clear and complete list was available. The Dutch authorities lacked management and coordination in gathering the information.

    To improve and speed up the process of informing the next of kin, the Board made three recommendations to central government related to registering records on nationality, improving the process of informing next of kin and simplifying crisis organisation in the Netherlands. In a joint letter the Minister of Security and Justice, the Minister of  Foreign Affairs and the Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, and the State Secretary of Infrastructure and the Environment responded to the report and to the recommendations. It reveals that the Dutch Government has now taken various actions to ensure passenger information is registered more effectively and is more accessible in the event of an emergency, at the national and international levels. Central government is also busy drafting a civil aviation accident emergency plan at national level to be better prepared in the event of a crash at home or abroad. With regard to simplifying crisis organisation in the Netherlands the ministers indicate that the government is busy developing uniform national crisis plans.

  • Other messages in this phase

  • Nieuws 15 sep. 2016

    Following up the recommendations in the MH17 report takes time

    In 2018, the Dutch Safety Board will assess whether the follow-up of the recommendations to improve the management of risks associated with flying over conflict zones is adequate. In 2018, the International Civil Aviation Organization ICAO will complete the work programme, launched as a result of the MH17 investigation. The Board would like to obtain clarification sooner, but concludes that, based on official reactions to the MH17 report, the necessary international coordination takes time.

  • Nieuws 7 jun. 2016

    Found Buk missile parts in final report Dutch Safety Board

    Following the reports on Monday, June 6th, 2016, on Buk missile parts found during the MH17 investigation, the Dutch Safety Board cares to explain that this does not involve recently found items. It concerns parts recovered during the Dutch Safety Board’s investigation into MH17.

  • Nieuws 25 feb. 2016

    Response Dutch Safety Board to questions Dutch Parliament

    On 4 and 10 February 2016 Dutch Parliament has asked questions to the Dutch Safety Board. These questions relate to the investigations of the Board into the crash of flight MH17.

  • Nieuws 20 okt. 2015

    Over 400 surviving relatives visit the reconstruction of MH17

    Last week, a total of 428 surviving relatives of the victims of Flight MH17 took the opportunity to visit the reconstruction of the aircraft. Investigators were in attendance at the Gilze-Rijen air base to answer any questions they had. In addition to the surviving relatives, the reconstruction was attended by a delegation from the Dutch Lower House as well as representatives from around 50 embassies.

  • Persberichten 13 okt. 2015

    Dutch Safety Board: Buk surface-to-air missile system caused MH17 crash

    The crash of flight MH17 on 17 July 2014 was caused by the detonation of a 9N314M-type warhead launched from the eastern part of Ukraine using a Buk missile system. So says the investigation report published by the Dutch Safety Board today. Moreover, it is clear that Ukraine already had sufficient reason to close the airspace over the eastern part of Ukraine as a precaution before 17 July 2014. None of the parties involved recognised the risk posed to overflying civil aircraft by the armed conflict in the eastern part of Ukraine.

  • Downloads




Video about the investigation into the causes of the crash of flight MH17.

Download video